Promoting Achievement through Technology and INstruction for all Students

Unified English Braille Code (UEB)

On November 2, 2012, the Braille Authority of North America (BANA) passed the motion to officially adopt the Unified English Braille code or UEB in the United States. In November 2013, BANA affirmed January 4, 2016 as the date by which the United States will implement the general use of the UEB. This action was based on a year of dialogue and planning that included the UEB Transition Forum, held on October 16, 2013. The forum involved 48 delegates representing 31 organizations from the braille community. Read more about the motion to adopt UEB.

The IERC has been preparing for the rollout of UEB since 2012. Our braille transcribers have trained and received certification in the new code and have actively been transcribing instructional materials in UEB. The IERC has worked closely with the Indiana State University Blumberg Center, PASS Project, to develop and conduct training for teachers and paraprofessionals who will be responsible for instructing our braille readers in the new code. Student instruction has begun for all grades and the IERC is transcribing all new requests in UEB and UEB/Nemeth.

Indiana UEB Implementation Timeline Webpage | PDF
Indiana UEB Position Statement Webpage | PDF
Indiana Nemeth or UEB: Factors and Considerations for Math Code PDF
UEB and Nemeth Code Power Point

Considerations for States Providing Materials in Braille, NCEO Webpage

Learn UEB

  • NLS Braille Transcriber Course - For information about the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) braille transcriber course:
UEB Literacy consists of two modules that, together, address the literacy aspects of Unified English Braille. Module 1 presents lessons 1-14, and Module 2 presents lessons 15-31.

UEB Introductory Mathematics is presented as ten lessons that address mathematics symbols and expressions that are encountered during the primary years of schooling. It is recommended that the UEB Literacy modules are completed prior to commencing UEB Introductory Mathematics.

UEB Extension Mathematics (available 3rd Quarter 2019) consists of ten lessons that address mathematics symbols and expressions that are encountered during the secondary years of schooling. The UEB Introductory Mathematics module must be completed before commencing the UEB Extension Mathematics module.

Wisconsin UEB online series
  • Introduction to Unified English Braille
  • Unified English Braille for Transcribers
  • Unified English Braille for Vision Teachers

Unified English Braille Online Training (UEBOT)
: Presented by Northern Illinois University
    Unified English Braille through a Powerful and Responsive eLearning Platform (UEB PREP)  Presented by Portland State University
    • Target audience: Consumers who are blind and visually impaired, family members of individuals who are visually impaired, professionals who work with those who are visually impaired
    • Pilot in September 2015 to train those currently familiar with EBAE

    UEB Tutorials and Resources

    • Scalar’s Publishing :
      • Ashcroft’s Programmed Instruction: Unified English Braille ISBN 978-0-9960353-0-9 $98.50
      • Ashcroft’s Programmed Instruction Companion Reader: Unified English Braille ISBN 978-0-9960353-2-3 $38.50
    • Hadley School for the Blind will provide distance education courses on the UEB beginning in January of 2015. These will be available free through their Adult Continuing Education Program (ACE) and the High School Program, or for a fee for professionals seeking CEU credits through their Hadley School for Professional Studies Program (HSPS). The HSPS program provides a certificate for successful completion of the course which notes the CEUs, grade, date completed. It is not based on a semester enrollment, but is an open enrollment.
    • Transcriber’s UEB Course (CNIB) - a self-directed course, covering eleven topics with fifteen practice exercises, for transcribers, proofreaders and BLV/TVI’s.
    • UEB Online, Braille Training for Sighted Learners - a training program created by the Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children’s Renwick Centre, Australia. Appropriate for teachers, paraprofessionals, and other professionals.

    UEB Rules and Guidelines

    Student Instruction Programs

    Mangold Braille Program, Basic Braille

    This program consists of a variety of components. Unit 1 Tracking and Unit 2 Alphabet Program Kit will help beginning braille readers of all ages by providing a solid foundation on which to build future reading skills. For young, beginning braille learners, rapid finger movement is fostered, and finger movements that are counterproductive are discouraged. This program will also help experienced readers who demonstrate scrubbing, backtracking, and braille letter or number reversal errors. Adults who have experienced recent vision loss will also benefit from this program. The first fifteen lessons of this program develop tactile discrimination, proper hand position, and rapid tracking. The last fifteen lessons systematically introduce the letters of the alphabet. Each lesson includes criterion tests, braille worksheets, games, and more. The print teacher's manual includes step-by-step instructions and print replicas of each braille worksheet.

    Unit 3: UEB Contractions, Part A-E, was written for new readers who already know the braille alphabet and is divided into five parts so that teachers are better able to tailor the program to individual student needs. The parts are designed to be taught in order, but a student can skip a part if the teacher of the visually impaired has determined that the student has already mastered the contractions taught in that part. Unit 3: UEB Contractions is designed to help teachers of the visually impaired teach reading skills while teaching the braille code. All of the parts in Unit 3 are controlled for contractions and contain both reading and writing exercises. Common words and contractions, that beginning readers encounter, are introduced early in the program to help facilitate early reading. Punctuation and common math symbols are also introduced. The reading exercises include repeated readings, sentence tracking, multiple choice questions and clue activities. The writing exercises include sentence copying, sentence starters and open-ended questions.

    Mangold Nemeth Code Number Recognition Program Kit was designed for students who are ready to learn the letters of the alphabet and are also ready to learn Nemeth numerals. This program introduces the braille numerals 0-9 and teaches rapid and accurate braille numeral recognition. The program is designed to avoid reversal errors. It provides practice in tracking numbers horizontally and vertically. The print teacher's manual includes step-by-step instructions and print replicas of each braille worksheet. The student workbook contains criterion tests, braille worksheets, games, sample number lines, and more.

    Mangold UEB Number Recognition Program Kit introduces the UEB braille numerals 0-9 and teaches rapid and accurate braille numeral recognition. The program is designed to avoid reversal errors. It provides practice in tracking numbers horizontally and vertically. The print teacher's manual includes step-by-step instructions and print replicas of each braille worksheet. The student workbook contains criterion tests, braille worksheets, games, sample number lines, and more.

    Building on Patterns (BOP)

    Building on Patterns (BOP) is a complete primary literacy program designed to teach beginning braille users all language arts – reading, writing, and spelling. The BOP series addresses phonemic awareness, phonics, comprehension, fluency, and oral vocabulary. It is currently being updated for the UEB. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind.

    Braille Too: The Gext Generation

    The long-awaited revision of the 1994 Braille Too curriculum is here! Like BRL2 Publishing’s previous products, it will be available exclusively in digital format on a USB drive, which will allow an individual teacher to print/emboss whatever copies they need for themselves and their students.

    Braille Too: The Next Generation retains the format and some of the content of the original curriculum but has changed and added content, which has been reorganized from 10 units in the original to 11 units in Braille Too: The Next Generation in order to accommodate the many symbols added in Unified English Braille. The teacher’s edition (available in either print or braille) contains over 1,000 pages, with over 600 pages of student braille reading exercises and 200 pages of large print writing exercises. Braille student and teacher editions are provided in both Duxbury and BRF formats so they can either be embossed or used on a refreshable braille device.

    An introductory price of $400 for the complete curriculum with print teacher’s edition ($500 with braille teacher’s edition) is guaranteed through the end of 2017. Shipping is currently $2.67 for up to 4 USB drives in the same mailer (shipping rates subject to change by the USPS). Purchase orders can be e-mailed to; checks or money orders can be mailed to the address below. (No credit cards accepted at this time.)
    For shipping rates on more than 4 copies, rates on insurance (which is optional), or other information regarding Braille Too: The Next Generation, please contact BRL2 Publishing at or call 801-572-5427.

    BRL2 Publishing
    11647 S 2220 E
    Sandy, UT 84092

    Braille FUNdamentals

    Braille FUNdamentals is a comprehensive program for teaching the Braille code. It is currently being revised for the UEB. The sequence for introducing the Braille configurations has been organized into 56 clusters of letters, numerals, contractions, short forms, punctuation and special signs, with specific clusters devoted to the reading and writing practice of previously learned contractions. Also included in this curriculum are a Pre-Braille Assessment, Braille Checklists and ideas for games. This program can be used with beginning braille readers, as well as those readers who need to learn braille when they are older.

    Unified English Braille (UEB) Practice sentences: Reading & Writing Exercises to Promote Speed and Accuracy

    Provides comprehensive practice sentences for each braille contraction, set up in a sequential, easy-to-learn format.  All UEB contractions are included, as well as many of the more commonly used punctuation and symbols. Only preciously taught contractions are used in each sentence. This tool can be used for any aged student who is familiar with the braille alphabet, parents or anyone who would like to learn the braille code. 

    Paths To Literacy UEB Lessons

    The staff at Paths to Literacy for Student Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired have been creating and adding new UEB lessons to their website. These lessons are focused on helping older students make the transition from EBAE to UEB. 

    UEB Charts

    UEB Numeric Flowchart

    Kathy Kremplewksi from the Florida Instructional Materials Center, created a UEB Numeric Indicator Flowchart. From Kathy: “I think of “modes” kind of like roads. So, the numeric indicator starts two parallel “roads”, one for grade 1 mode and one for numeric mode. But what stops each “road” is different. The second box lists things that do not stop either “road”, so grade 1 mode and numeric mode continue. The third box lists things that stop numeric mode but does not stop grade 1 mode. Our two parallel “roads” have become one “road”. Finally, the last box lists what stops grade 1 mode. Hopefully this analogy and the flowchart help simplify this concept a little."

    Duxbury UEB Chart

    Duxbury's one-page chart listing the contractions and short forms in alphabetical order.

    Aroga Technologies UEB Chart

    Aroga Technologies presents the UEB contractions and symbols by category

    Nemeth-UEB Guidance

    Guidance for Transcription Using the Nemeth Code within UEB Contexts

    This is a revision of the provisional guidance issued earlier by BANA regarding the method of switching between the Nemeth Code and Unified English Braille.

    Music Braille Code 2015

    BANA is pleased to announce the publication of the new Music Braille Code, 2015. This completely revised publication is available for free download in two electronic versions: PDF and BRF. Hardcopy versions will also be produced and sold by the American Printing House for the Blind.

    Music Braille Code PDF
    Music Braille Code BRF

    If you have any questions or need additional information, please do not hesitate to contact Leslie Durst at 317-554-2740 or 800-833-2198: email: Leslie Durst

    To read more about the UEB, please visit BANA or International Council on English Braille.

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